ECA has carried out a variety of projects in this region covering natural gas network development, gas-to-power, electricity and gas market analysis, market designs and energy sector/company restructuring. Our experience also has included regional energy studies and, more recently, a focus on renewable energy projects covering, economics, financing and regulatory frameworks.

ECA has a recent focus on providing advice on energy issues in the Pacific. ECA’s team includes staff originating from or currently based in Australia and New Zealand, so between us we have many years of experience dealing with the unique challenges faced by island nations in the Pacific. Recent work includes projects in Australia, Papua New Guinea and Fiji.



Australia gas valuation

ECA acted as expert witnessed in an arbitration case regarding the taxation of natural gas. The team’s role was to price intermediary gas competitively at various points between the offshore extraction point and onshore connection point and critique an existing netback valuation. The resulting intermediary competitive gas valuations were used to estimate tax liabilities of a major gas producer over the period 1990-2002.

Guidelines for private investment in renewables, Pacific Island Countries

On behalf of IFC, ECA prepared a step-by-step guide to investing in renewable electricity in the Pacific, focusing on Fiji, PNG, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The guide included the current state of renewables, the potential for investment, regulatory barriers, and the specific steps for private sector investment.

Electricity tariffs, Fiji

Fiji passed a new Electricity Act, which directs the corporatisation of the electricity utility and the adoption of a more rigorous and transparent method of setting electricity tariffs. Through Asian Development Bank funding, ECA undertook a cost of service study that formed a key input to future tariff determinations. The study helped stakeholders understand the future costs of Energy Fiji Ltd (EFL) providing electricity on each of Fiji’s main islands, the costs of providing generation/transmission/distribution services, and the costs of serving different customer groups.

Review of long term power market scenario in Australia

The project involved reviewing the long term electricity demand and price scenarios constructed by the client for their long term view of the Australian power market and planning for new investment. ECA reviewed the power market scenario model and also the investment evaluation model, as well as making detailed analyses and comments on the scenario outputs.

Ukraine gas sector reform

The aim of this assignment was to support the Government of Ukraine and Naftogaz with assessing the unbundling options for the transmission and storage business lines, and to develop a feasible and reasonable implementation plan for the restructuring model. This evaluation entailed ensuring conformity with the EU’s 3rd energy package and other criteria, including the facilitation of competition.

PPPs in Afghanistan

ECA created an enabling framework to enable and promote private sector participation in the delivery of core and social infrastructure services; and evaluated and prioritized projects suitable to be implemented as PPP projects.

Power sector reform, Nepal

ECA reviewed of the electricity market in Nepal with a particular focus on the arrangements necessary to allow Nepal to develop hydropower for export to India and Bangladesh.

Unbundling options for transmission and storage system operation, Ukraine

The aim of this assignment was to support the Government of Ukraine and Naftogaz with assessing the unbundling options for the transmission and storage business lines and developing a feasible and reasonable implementation plan for the restructuring model that the Government was to choose based on the assessment. This evaluation entailed ensuring conformity with the EU’s 3rd energy package.

Preparation of the national energy policy, Fiji

The Government of Fiji has asked ECA to undertake a review of the national energy policy and to recommend possible legislative changes to facilitate the future of the energy sector. This will entail improving reliability and access to energy supplies, to strengthen the regulatory framework in the energy sector and mainstreaming energy across sectors to develop a new energy policy framework.

Energy and water regulator, Kyrgyz Republic

ECA led the assignment to set up a utility regulator in the Kyrgyz Republic. Our team was responsible for drafting the work programme, regulations and procedures relating to funding requirements, complaint handling, stakeholder engagement in regulatory decision-making, licence fee regulations, public consultation procedures, complaint handling and performance incentives.

Network infrastructure regulatory development, Kazakhstan 

On behalf of Agency for the Regulation of Natural Monopolies (AREM), ECA reviewed the approaches to regulation of the power and heat sectors, plus the overall institutional and legal framework for the regulation of natural monopolies. This included an assessment of the effectiveness of the existing processes used and a comparison of methodologies applied against international best practice. The assessment was used to identify legal amendments and changes to the existing methodologies required to reduce regulatory risk and increase investor confidence.

Renewable energy development, Mongolia

The objective of the project was to assist Energy Regulatory Agency (ERA) in preparing a roadmap for the development of renewable energy in Mongolia. The roadmap set out the regulatory measures needed to develop renewables in Mongolia in an economic and affordable manner.

Transmission network development plan, Fiji

Energy Fiji Limited and European Investment Bank (EIB) sought assistance to prepare a plan for the development of the transmission network on Viti Levu, Fiji’s main island. ECA filled the roles of transmission planner and economic/financial expert, whom prepared a least cost development plan and then helped prepare tender documents for the identified priority projects.

Development of a grid code, Papua New Guinea

We reviewed third party access models internationally, drafted a third party access code (based on the recommended model), developed accompanying pricing models, drafted a grid code and provided capacity building and training.