ECA is providing off-grid electrification specialist inputs to NGO Millennium Promise, which has been engaged by the World Bank to develop a geospatial cost optimisation model for the electrification of Malawi. This model is to provide a first-order assessment of the extent to which different technologies (i.e. grid extension, mini-grids and solar home systems) are suitable to increase electricity access in the country given population settlement patterns, energy demand, existing network infrastructure and technology costs, among others.