Energy & Water Access Services from Economic Consulting Associates


ECA assists both public and private sector clients in developing regulatory frameworks and analysing business models which target the provision of infrastructure to rural areas. We adopt approaches which are economically sustainable whilst remaining affordable, utilising the most appropriate innovations in technology and business model design to promote the efficient and effective delivery of vital energy and water resources to people who need them most.




Solar home system tariffs, Philippines

This project, for the World Bank and Department of Energy, followed on from a previous assignment developing an institutional and regulatory framework for a large-scale SHS electrification programme within the Philippines. The programme will be delivered on a fee-for-service basis by rural electric cooperatives (ECs). The project involved the design of the regulated tariffs to apply to this service.

Kenya mini-grid regulatory framework development

ECA, in association with engineering firm Trama TecnoAmbiental, worked with the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum and other sector stakeholders to consolidate and develop a comprehensive policy and regulatory framework for mini-grid development in Kenya. This included analysis of business models, tariffs and financing (and the requirement for subsidies), technical guidelines, legal requirements and procurement.

Sustainable economic development in the Cubango Okavango River Basin

Building on past studies for the basin organisation OKACOM, the multi-sector investment options analysis study explored alternative development pathways to meet national development and poverty reduction objectives, without unduly compromising the ecosystem services of the basin and diminishing the Okavango Delta’s global ecological value. The study included the identification of infrastructure projects of regional significance where mutual cooperation would significantly increase overall benefits as compared with purely national development strategies.

Design of a mini-grid facility, Rwanda

This assignment was to prepare the mini-grid component of the proposed World Bank-assisted Rwanda Renewable Energy Fund Project. The mini-grid component is to support private sector renewable energy mini-grids to demonstrate that commercially viable mini-grids are able to sustainably deliver affordable electricity services to households and enterprises in rural areas.

Djibouti solar rural electrification programme

ECA advised the Government of Djibouti and the World Bank on the design and roll out of a solar electrification programme in rural areas. We conducted an international best practice review, designed a pilot programme for a solar mini grid system and drafted the necessary documents required for the successful implementation of the recommended programme.

LPG feasibility and strategy, Kenya

ECA carried out a market appraisal of the feasibility of an LPG import and bottling facility in Mombasa to supply Kenya and neighbouring countries, plus an assessment of institutional arrangements for distribution of LPG throughout Kenya.

Water strategy development for global microfinance company, Worldwide

ECA provided economic and market input into the development of global microfinance organisation Opportunity International’s new strategy plan for improving access of poor households to clean water through providing microfinance in the small-scale water and sanitation sector.

Private sector rural electrification, Lao PDR

ECA was responsible for developing the terms and conditions of the management contract under which responsibility for the implementation of a scaled-up rural electrification programme will be contracted out to the private sector.

Lilongwe water board tariff and willingness to pay study, Malawi

ECA examined the Lilongwe Water Board’s current performance, forecast its cost of supply with and recommended a new tariff policy. From the results of the customers’ willingness and ability to pay survey, recommendations were made to markedly improve access to clean water of poor households.