ECA covers a range of expertise in the renewable energy (RE) sector including the design of suitable support mechanisms. We develop feed in tariff systems, advise on suitable regulatory frameworks for renewable energy integration, advise renewable energy developers on the major market risks and support Governments in setting up institutional and organisational frameworks for the integration of renewable energy supply.


Development of model power purchase agreements, Serbia and Montenegro

The assignment involved review of existing draft PPAs, revision and updating of those PPAs to ensure they are bankable, together with related securitisation agreements. While the PPAs are specifically drafted for wind power projects, other renewable energy projects would also require a PPA which could be an amended and reduced version of the wind power PPA.

Provision of balancing markets and ancillary services, Bosnia & Hercegovina (BiH)

The objective of this project was the analysis of gaps in the processes for provision of ancillary services in BiH and the development of a set of arrangements for their provision.

Development of RE regulations, Rwanda

Support to RURA in the development of various rules and regulations governing renewable energy and off-grid electrification including recommendations for improvement of existing regulations for the Feed in Tariff framework for hydro and extension to other technologies.

Power network analysis for wind power integration, Kosovo

Advice to KOSTT on wind power integration covered: network reinforcement planning and investment analysis, network security analysis, ancillary service provision and balancing, network operation with intermittent generation sources and forecasting techniques with wind.

Energy Service Companies in the West Balkans

Legal, regulatory and economic advice on the framework for the promotion of renewable energy projects. A gap analysis was provided on the regulatory and financial structures that might impede investments in ESCO projects.

Renewable energy laws and feed in tariffs, Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is developing a revised Renewable Energy Law that introduces a Feed-in Tariff regime. To implement this, a secondary regulation is needed to allocate the costs of RES support amongst all buyers of RES. ECA was tasked to develop the secondary regulation and bilateral agreement as well as to review the renewables power purchase agreement.

Feed in tariffs for renewable energy supply, Albania

ECA prepared recommendations on feed in tariffs to promote investment in renewable energy which achieves national target for RES consumption as required by EU Directive 2009/28/EC.

Kenya: RE capacity development

ECA led a year-long project to support the Government of Kenya to implement the feed-in tariff policy that was revised in December 2012 and incorporated many of the recommendations of our previous small-scale renewables framework study.

Croatia: Development of a renewable energy supply law

The objective of this project was to provide technical assistance to the Ministry of Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurship (MoELE), Croatia, in the development of the necessary regulatory framework for RES which will transpose relevant EU Directives to the Croatian legislature and would streamline the framework and relevant processes.

Solar home system tariffs, Philippines

The project followed on from a previous assignment developing an institutional and regulatory framework for a large-scale SHS electrification programme within the Philippines. The programme will be delivered on a fee-for-service basis by rural electric cooperatives (ECs). The project involved the design of the regulated tariffs to apply to this service.

National Renewable Action Plan, Montenegro

ECA provided legal, regulatory and economic advice to MoE, focussing on support in development of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan for submission to the EU under the Energy Community Treaty. This included development of forecast trajectories and modelling of impacts.