ECONOMIC CONSULTING ASSOCIATES

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Mini-grids: are cost-reflective tariffs necessary?

Mini-grids: are cost-reflective tariffs necessary?

An acceptable tariff policy for consumers and investors alike is a fundamental requirement for the viability of mini-grids in developing countries. Decisions are driven as much by social and political considerations as by economics.
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Urban water in Africa

Urban water in Africa

Urban water in Africa – a new approach for the poor to have access to clean water without having to pay more than the rich In many developing countries, those who have piped water into their homes are a privileged elite. Not only is the quality of service much..
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Expansion of the exchanges

Expansion of the exchanges

FEBRUARY 2015 Regulatory pressures from within and without the electricity industry are combining with commercial innovation to drive interest and growth in Europe’s power exchanges. These developments may help increase the efficiency of cross-border trading but only…
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